POLITICAL, MILITARY AND HUMANITARIAN ANALYSIS OF CONFLICTS IN AFRICA
For many years, GRIP has been decoding the dynamics of armed conflict in Africa and monitoring mediation and peace efforts trying to bring these conflicts to an end. For some countries, particularly in central Africa, permanent monitoring of events and their humanitarian repercussions is carried out, which is used in support of our expertise and regular publications.
Since 2006, GRIP has been an active member of programmes supporting the European Union’s peace and security work in Africa. Usually GRIP develops the conflict prevention capacity and efficiency of a regional or sub-regional organisation in order to boost peace, increase the EU’s political visibility and increase Member State involvement in crisis management and post-crisis aid.
In this connection, GRIP provides expertise and carries out research and investigations.
Mouvement national de libération de l’Azawad – Fact Sheet (Julia Dufour)
The activities of various types of armed groups in West Africa represent a tremendous threat to the region’s stability, and hence require our utmost attention. These groups use violence for multiple purposes: religious fundamentalism, rebellion against the state, separatism... This datasheet considers the MNLA, one of the most active among them. It aims to provide information about the historical and ideological foundations of this Malian separatist movement, active since the beginning of 2012. It focuses on its complex structural organization and its goals. The most recent actions of this armed group are listed as well as its armament and its operation zone. This datasheet is part of a series of fact sheets published by the GRIP on armed groups in West Africa.
Ivory Coast and instability in West Africa : roots of the post-election crisis 2010-2011 (Marc Mémier et Michel Luntumbue)
The conflict in Ivory Coast after the Ivorian presidential election of November 28, 2010 is not a new or surprising phenomenon. It follows a decade of crisis which finds its origin in various internal causes, crystallized around the concept of “ivority”. Moreover, these internal tensions were exacerbated by an unstable regional context. This study on the origins of the Ivorian conflict is complemented by a report on the impacts of the Ivorian crisis.
Decentralisation in Democratic Republic of Congo - Challenges and issues (Michel Liégeois)
More than a decade of incessant conflict, millions of victims, a state that is falling apart, de facto territorial partition and more. In the face of such a sombre picture, few people would have wagered five years ago that it would prove possible to launch a regional peace process and reconstruct the state of Congo. Despite formidable problems, since the signing of the Final Act of Inter-Congolese Dialogue in Sun City on 2 April 2003, Congo has managed to keep moving in the right direction. Year after year, with the support of the United Nations and international donors, the Congolese have managed to find a way through the obstacle course that started with a long and perilous transition period and ended with the holding of general and presidential elections in 2006. A new constitution was adopted in the meantime that has profoundly altered the structures of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) ...