The Iranian nuclear program has been at the heart of the international community concerns for seven years and this crisis calls into question the real motivations behind the Iranian attempt to possess the nuclear power. The Ayatollah Regime is to a large extent responsible for the current situation of mistrust. However a better understanding of the Iranian claims requires a comprehensive study of the political and religious context in the Middle East. Since the collapse of Saddam Hussein Iran is trying to regain its lost power but the established strategies are the wrong ones. The lack of cooperation and the aggressive policy against Israel contribute to demonize Iran. And yet a change of behaviour from Tehran would grant it access to civilian nuclear power and would also be a decisive step towards the establishment of a Nuclear-Weapon- Free-Zone in the Middle East. In this perspective the international community should also exert pressure on the Israeli military nuclear program.
Key words : Iran, nuclear, cooperation, IAEA, Israel, NPT, uranium enrichment