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Enhancing End-Use Controls on Arms Transfers

by C├ędric Poitevin, senior researcher at GRIP

29 June 2011

Legally transferred weapons can be diverted in two ways: either they are transferred from the authorized end-user to an unauthorized end user, or they are used in unauthorized or illegal ways by the authorized end-user. This Analysis addresses the latter aspect: the end-use control. It highlights the challenges faced by exporting states when assessing the risk of diversion at the licencing stage, both in terms of collecting information and using end-user certificates.

Keywords : end-user certificate, EUC, end use control, arm transfers, weapon, small arms and light weapons, SALW, European Union, diversion.
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